As with most areas of Plastic Surgery, Head and Neck Surgery can be divided into Reconstructive Surgery and Cosmetic Surgery.
Reconstructive Surgery is surgery that is directed at creating or restoring normal form and function. It includes surgery for congenital conditions such as cleft lip and pallet, Cranio-facial abnormalities and functional abnormalities such as moebius syndrome. Reconstructive surgery is also used to restore form and function after cancer resections, and after trauma. Occasionally it restores the function lost through aging, it these effects are severe enough to cause impairment such as visual field loss. Examples of these surgeries are browlift and or Blepharoplasty. Reconstructive Surgery is often covered or partially covered by insurance.
Cosmetic Surgery is surgery that is directed at restoring the youthful appearance of the face, or otherwise changing ones appearance. Surgeries include lower face and neck lift, mid-face lift, brow lift, blepharoplasty, rhinoplasty, lip augmentation and facial resurfacing. Cosmetic Surgery is not covered by insurance, but is available if you are willing to pay for it yourself.
Your face is the first thing people notice about you.
If you’re self-conscious about even one of its features, whether it’s your eyes, smile or expressions, you may not make a strong, positive impression.
There are a number of procedures you might consider to create the look you desire and an impression guaranteed to enhance your personal as well as your professional life.
Every year millions of people seek consultations with facial plastic surgeons to improve the appearance of their noses with Rhinoplasty. Some are unhappy the way they were born, some need reconstruction from an accident or for improved breathing and others find the shape of their nose has changed undesirably due to aging. The nose is the most defining characteristic of the face and a slight alteration can greatly improve one’s appearance.
A smooth, graceful neckline portrays a sense of refinement that serves to enhance a person’s overall appearance. Through neck contouring surgery, a cosmetic surgeon can help patients of any age achieve the naturally beautiful neckline they desire.
Neck contouring creates a firmer, smoother and more refined appearance to the neck and chin. Even without making any other changes to the face, improving a thick, wrinkled or sagging neck can dramatically improve a one’s appearance, helping a patient look years younger or even as though he or she has lost weight. Neck contouring can also help restore balance to facial features by providing a better defined jawline that frames the rest of the face.
Ear surgery, also known as otoplasty, can improve the shape, position or proportion of the ear.
Otoplasty can correct a defect in the ear structure that is present at birth that becomes apparent with development or it can treat misshapen ears caused by injury.
Ear surgery creates a natural shape, while bringing balance and proportion to the ears and face. Correction of even minor deformities can have profound beneﬁts to appearance and self-esteem.
If protruding or disﬁgured ears bother you or your child, you may consider plastic surgery.
Reconstructive surgery is performed to treat structures of the body affected aesthetically or functionally by congenital defects, developmental abnormalities, trauma, infection, tumors or disease. It is generally done to improve function and ability, but may also be performed to achieve a more typical appearance of the affected structure. Reconstructive surgery is generally covered by most health insurance policies, although coverage for specific procedures and levels of coverage may vary greatly.
Cleft lip (cheiloschisis) and cleft palate (palatoschisis) are among the most common birth defects affecting children in North America.
The incomplete formation of the upper lip (cleft lip) or roof of the mouth (cleft palate) can occur individually, or both defects may occur together. The conditions can vary in severity and may involve one or both sides of the face.
Correction of facial fractures and/or facial lacerations, commonly suffered during motor vehicle accidents, fights, domestic violence, athletic events, animal bites, etc….Traumatic facial fractures frequently involve the jawbone, cheekbone, the eye socket, or the brow and require realignment of the bone segments and fixation for proper healing. Traumatic facial lacerations can cause scarring, facial nerve damage, salivary duct transection, tear duct injury, or even loss of a body part (ear avulsion).
Repair of facial cancer defects that have been created using the Mohs technique often utilize healthy adjacent skin flaps or skin grafts. Large facial cancers occasionally need to be repaired using free tissue transfer, ie skin, muscle, and/or bone from a different part of the body brought to fill the facial defect.
Droopy eyelids are a major reason why some people consider eyelid surgery (blepharoplasty) to remove and tighten excess eyelid skin.
Sometimes blepharoplasty also can improve your vision by providing a less obstructed field of view, once droopy eyelids are improved.
Blepharoplasty can remove excess skin, muscle and sometimes fat from the upper or lower eyelids. In some cases, you might need only skin removed but not muscle — or you might need the procedure done on both upper and lower eyelids.
An upper eyelid blepharoplasty (sometimes called an “eye lift”) should not be confused with upper eyelid ptosis surgery, which is a procedure to raise the position of the upper eyelid margin by tightening the muscle and tendon that normally elevate it. Blepharoplasty surgery sometimes can elevate an upper eyelid margin slightly if the heaviness of the excessive skin actually is “weighing down” the upper eyelid, causing it to droop.